LOTO Review Day by Day
Monday - Lockout Tagout
Each year, more than 50,000 employees are injured, and about 120 are killed when machines that are being serviced or maintained unexpectedly start up. Establishing procedures and training employees to follow OSHA’s “Control of Hazardous Energy” Standard, more commonly known as the Lockout Tagout (LOTO), helps to prevent these incidents.
Tuesday - LOTO Authorized Employee
An Authorized Employee in LOTO systems is someone who has documented training and has been appointed by the company to lockout equipment. This person’s name will appear on the lock or tag.
Wednesday - LOTO Affected Employees
Affected employees are those whose job requires them to operate equipment or be in an area where lockout/tagout applied. They need to under-stand lockout procedures and why they are important. They should know never to perform a lockout themselves or try to restart locked out equipment.
Thursday - Preparation for Shutdown
The authorized employee performing LOTO operations must:
- Notify all employees in the area that a lockout/tagout (LOTO) is about to occur
- Shut down the machinery/equipment
- Isolate equipment from energy sources
- Apply locks/blocks or approved isolation devices
- Release any stored energy
- Test machinery to make sure it can not energize and ensure documentation is complete
Friday - Lock Out
Lockout means much more than just shutting off a device by throwing a switch. When an energy source has been locked out, it means:
- All energy to the machine has been shut off (there may be more than one type of energy)
- Any energy that has been stored has been released or blocked
- The machine is literally locked out and cannot be restarted or released accidentally
Saturday - Lockout Lock
In a lockout, a lock is placed on the part of the machine that controls the energy, such as a circuit breaker, switch, or valve. The lock itself cannot be used for any other purpose. That means you can’t use just any lock you might find in the workplace on a locker or toolbox to perform a lockout. The lock must be strong and sturdy enough to stay in place until it’s time for it to be unlocked.
Sunday - Release of LOTO
When the work is finished, and the equipment is ready to be restarted, it’s vital to follow proper start-up procedures. These procedures include:
- Making sure all employees are a safe distance from the equipment
- Removing all tools from the area
- Re-installing any machine guards
- Removing lockout devices and re-energizing the equipment
- Notifying employees that equipment has been re-energized